IOM Sudan Annual Humanitarian Summary 2016
In 2016, Sudan continued to witness fluid population movements, due to a number of interconnected factors. According to the latest data, 4.6 million people were targeted for humanitarian assistance in 2016, in one of the most protracted and acute humanitarian crises worldwide. Conflict, natural disasters, scarcity of resources and poverty were some of the main causes of high levels of internal mobility. In addtion, the situation in neighboring countries, South Sudan in particular, caused high influxes of refugees, coupled with the influx of Sudanese nationals returning from neighboring countries.
In response to this complex humanitarian situation, during 2016, IOM Sudan provided lifesaving humanitarian assistance including protection to a total of 1.8 million beneficiaries, catering to emergency needs of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), returnees, refugees, host communities and other vulnerable affected populations. IOM’s interventions included the provision of shelters, Non-Food Items (NFIs), health, and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) services. At the same time, enhanced protection and humanitarian coordintion services were provided via timely deployment of the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM).
In addition to providing direct humanitarian assistance and coordintion services, the Sudan Rapid Response Fund (RRF), funded by USAID/OFDA and managed by IOM, enabled partners to immediately respond to the critical needs of newly displaced IDPs, returnees and those affected by health emergencies with direct, humanitarian assistance. Overall, geographical coverage of IOM’s humanitarian assistance increased in 2016 to cover all five Darfur states (North, East, West, South and Central), South Kordofan, West Kordofan, Blue Nile and Kassala states.